1 edition of Essex and the Great Revolt of 1381 found in the catalog.
Bibliography: p. 99-101.Includes indexes.
|Statement||Essex Record Office|
|Publishers||Essex Record Office|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 116 p. :|
|Number of Pages||78|
|3||Essex Record Office publications ;|
|Remembering the Peasants Revolt, 1381-1981 / R.B. Dobson The causes of the revolt in rural Essex / C.C. Dyer The rebellion and the county town / H.E.P. Grieve Essex rebel bands in London / A.J. Prescott Essex manorial records and the revolt / R.G.E. Wood Gazetteer of places in Essex connected with the revolt.|
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The monarchs of the 14th century were increasingly based in London, resulting in the Marshalsea Court taking up semi-permanent business in the capital. The Kentish rebels reachedjust south-east of the capital, on 12 June. English soldiers landing inc. My e-mail address will not be published.
Military historian Jonathan Sumption considers this description of the rebels' weaponry, drawn from the chronicleras reliable; literary historian Stephen Justice is less certain, noting the sarcastic manner in which Walsingham mocks the rebels' old and dilapidated arms, including their bows "reddened with age and smoke. For if God would have had any bondsmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who would have had any bond and who free.
He was typical of the local notables against whom the risings of 1381 were particularly directed. But he was safe from harm; the rebels wanted protection for their village communal rights against the nobles and abbots -- not king's head. The effect of the Black Death on the Peasants' Revolt cannot be dismissed. A particularly barbaric attack resulted in 35 Flemish people being dragged out of the church of St Martin in the Vintry, and beheaded on the same block.
The discontent began to give way to open protest. Bondmen Made Free: Medieval Peasant Movements and the English Rising of 1381.
The authorities put up very little resistance to the revolt: the major nobles failed to organise defences, key fortifications fell easily to the rebels and the local militias were not mobilised.