5 edition of Environmental scarcity and conflict = found in the catalog.
Text in English and French bound back-to-back = Texte en français et en anglais disposé tête-bêche.Spring 1997 = Printemps 1997.Caption title = Titre de départ.Bibliogr.1
|Statement||Canadian Security Intelligence Service = Service canadien du renseignement de sécurité|
|Publishers||Canadian Security Intelligence Service = Service canadien du renseignement de sécurité|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 63 p. :|
|Number of Pages||64|
|2||Commentary (Canadian Security and Intelligence Service) = Commentaire (Service canadien du renseignement de sécurité) -- no. 71|
nodata File Size: 4MB.
If all else fails, standard military reactions to conflict are available for outbreaks of violence caused by environmental scarcity. We offer Environmental scarcity and conflict = assignments for reasonable rates. Journal of Peace Research, 45 3315-326.
Indeed, practices viewed by wealthy, developed countries as degrading the environment are viewed by poorer, developing states as practical necessities for strong economic growth. Short-term efforts at increasing economic production can have long-term implications that lead to overall decline. Environmental Scarcity and Conflicts of Simple Scarcity B. These critics note that it is very difficult to tease out the individual role played by environmental factors in causing war and that current empirical research has failed to show that environmental scarcity is the cause rather than the result of conflict.
The conventional solution to the problem of environmental conflict is economic growth. The authors are grateful to the Reves Center for International Studies at The College of William and Mary for a 2000 Borgenicht Faculty-Student Research Grant and a Faculty Summer Research grant, which made possible the field work on which this paper is based. Social Pressures Environmental scarcity can negatively impact social relations and economic development, which can increase tensions between states and groups and create conditions ripe for conflict.
Recent developments in the study of the design of international institutions, however, provide hope that policymakers may be able to minimize the impact of environmental change as an instigator of conflict.
Deudney 1999 takes this claim further, noting that environmental security issues have causes that are fundamentally different from the causes of traditional security concerns. Millennium, 19 3461-476. Later efforts by the Toronto Group attempted to address this grievance through multiple case studies, which suggest support for the theory. Journal of Political Economy, 112 4725-753. This may be due to either environmental change or, more likely, high rates of population growth, which create demand scarcities on resources.
Likewise, deforestation practices accelerate erosion, leaving fertile lands vulnerable to flooding during seasons of high precipitation. These pressures increase the chance the state will fragment or become authoritarian. Demand for the resource remains the same, but there is less of it to go around. According to this line of reasoning, conflicts engineered for political or economic reasons can have crucial environmental impacts, disrupting social order and economic life.
The case against linking environmental degradation and national security.